Tuscan hamlets: the archeological area of Vetulonia, the forgotten Etruscan town
Today we want to take you in the beautiful necropolis of Vetulonia, located in the heart of the Maremma near Castiglione della Pescaia; it’s one of the most well-known and ample Italian necropolis located in the Tuscan countryside, rich in olive groves and Mediterranean scrub.
Brief history of Vetulonia
Vetulonia is one of the 12 most important Etruscan town in Italy. It was discovered at the end of ‘800 by Isidoro Falchi whose findings confirmed the prosperity of the city. It was located on the north shore of the lake Prile (an almost vanished ancient lake) in front of Roselle, another Etruscan small town.
It was a dynamic commercial town with lots of artisans and goldsmiths, able to make beautiful and refined jewels. Vetulonia became a very powerful town thanks to its mineral deposit and its hegemony on the trade routes on land and sea. It also forged coins.
After it was conquered by the Romans, Vetulonia gradually lost its importance; in the Middle Age, during the barbarian invasions, it sunk into oblivion and lost even its name: in fact the town became known for centuries under the name of Colonna Buriano.
The archeological area of Vetulonia: what to see
Walking around you can breathe in the air the history and the ancient splendour that characterized this old Etruscan town. Nearby there are many archeological records to discover around.
If you are an archaeology enthusiast you really can’t miss the necropolis, the stunning “Via dei Sepolcri”, the church of Madonna delle Grazie and the church of saint Simon and Judas, the suggestive ruins of Sestinga Abbey and the Archeological Museum “Isidoro Falchi”, where you can find evidences of the Etruscan civilization discovered in the tombs and in the archaeological dig of the ancient town.